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What is the chemical difference between chlorine dioxide and chlorine?

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Chlorine dioxide is 10 times more soluble in water and 2,5 times more effective than chlorine.
Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) and chlorine (Cl2) have a fundamental difference in their chemical formulas, and therefore their reactions with organic substances, as well as the by-products of these reactions, differ. After decomposition and neutralization in chlorine dioxide, the concentrations of hypochlorites and chlorates are negligible. The organic matter here is affected by active oxygen. Due to the action of oxygen, chlorine dioxide oxidizes substances to end products, usually carbon dioxide and water, without forming intermediates or chlorine-containing organic compounds. That is why GreenDez is not a chlorine-containing disinfectant, but an oxygen-active one.
Chlorine dioxide is effective in a wide pH range from 4 to 10. The spectrum of its disinfecting action includes: bacteria (including mycobacterium tuberculosis), spore- forming bacilli, as well as their spores, viruses (poliomyelitis, hepatitis, rotaviruses, HIV, influenza A, ARVI pathogens, herpes, etc.), Candida fungi, dermatophytes, mold fungi.

The antiviral and antispore effect of chlorine dioxide is better than that of other chlorine- containing compounds. ClO2 destroys chlorine-resistant spore-forming bacteria.